Janakpur Dham

Country: Nepal

Zone: Janakpur

District: Dhanusa

Coordinates: 26°43’43”N 85°55’30”E

Total Area: 100.20 sq km

Elevation: 74 m

Janakpur Dham is located in the Dhanusha District of Nepal. Janakpur Dham was founded in the early 18th century. The city is located about 123 km in the south east of Kathmandu. Janakpur is also the birth place of Sita. The main attraction of the city is its Janki Temple. The Janakpur Dham, an important Tourist destination of Terai plain, is located in the Dhanusha District of Janakpur within the Central Development Region. The Historical town housing Ancient Temples, Monasteries, Arts and Craft of numerous deities is also ragarded as an important Religious centre. The town that used to be the capital of the ancients Mithila Kingdom is also home to many important Pilgrimage Sites. Janakpur is the birthplace of the ideal woman of all Hindus, Mother Sita, the consort of Lord Ram, the ideal man. Each and every square of the Town bosts at least on Deity related to the epic Ramayana, which adds to the town’s attraction. The town named after sage king Janak has developed as an important destination for Religious Tourist. The numerous holy sites originating in different stages of the history have spread the fame of Janakpur Dham not only within the borden on Nepal but throughout the world. The Janaki Temple is regarded as the most important and popular religious site of the town.

The Janaki Temple was built by Queen Brisabhanu Khuwari of Tikamgarh of India. The Temple was built in 1911 AD. The Temple is also called as “Nau Lakha Temple” because the Temple at that time was built in nine Lakh. The Temple is a three storey building and has sixty rooms. It is the largest Temple in Nepal. The Temple is dedicated to the Hindu Goddess Sita. It is located at the centre of Janakpur. An architectural style resembling that of the Mughal places of India is used in the construction of the Temple adorned with lovely Artistery. The Temple sanctum houses idol of Lord Ram and Mother Sita as well as other related Deities. Major festivals are hosted at the Temple on Ramnawami, Vivah Panchami, Chhat, Holi and other festivals. Many Devotees attain at the Temple to participate in the festivals. Situated adjacent to the Janaki Mandir are the Vivah Mandap, Ram Temple, Laxaman Temple and Dharmashala. The Sankatmochan Temple that is believed to relieve the devotees from any trouble is famous not only in Janakpur but also in the surrounding Districts. The Temple is dedicated to Lord Hanuman, the Monkey God. It is traditionally believed that worshipping at the Temple will receive from all the troubles and will fulfill any wish. The Temple dedicated to Lord Ram is one of the famous Temples of Janakpur. Huge fairs are hosted here on Ram Nawami, Vivah Panchami and Chhat festival. The Temple sanctum houses holds of Lord Ram and Mother Sita.

Janakpur to Jaynagar was not the first railway in Nepal. Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana ordered the construction of Nepal Government Railway from Raxaul to Amlekhgunj in 1920s, almost a decade before Juddha did in Janakpur.

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